Matt Cutts, the seo guru for Google simplifies a search query.
Google saves every site and search, it scours the internet indexing everything it can. Google grabs everything possible on the internet, organizes it, and rewards those who create a great user experience.
Page Rank – the more people who go to you in a white hat fashion, the more highly ranked your site will become.
Indexing used to take 30 days, Today it can be indexed in moments with Webmaster Tools, like i did with this page just created.
So why is this here? Who cares how a search works? Who cares how a page is ranked?
This is actually important because a webpage that is rich in content and posses relevant information will have a better chance of ranking higher in a google search.
So…? If i create a WordPress page for you with great information about you with TEXT, IMAGES, LINKS, I have a better chance of google finding the page, indexing it, and allowing those who “search” for you to find you. Now from here, i can track their visit, their download activity, time on site, and where they came from.
Now is they use a proxy server, were out of luck. An Anonymous Server is literally a computer that allows a client to make an anonymous visit.
“This type of proxy server identifies itself as a proxy server, but does not make the original IP address available. This type of proxy server is detectable, but provides reasonable anonymity for most users.” …source